Mulavar : Sri Ranganathar
Thayar : Sri Ranganayaki
Utsavar : Namperumal
Theertham : Chandra Pushkarani, Cauvery, Kollidam
Travel Base: Trichy
Talamaram : Punnai
Vimanam : Pranavaakruthi. It took almost 7 and half years to build this huge vimanam (Gopuram). It is also called as "Raja Gopuram". This Raja Gopuram is 236 feet high with 13 Nilais (Partition) and 12 Kalasams at its top.
Special Information : The Gopuram of Sri Rangam is popularly called as "Raja Gopuram" and it is the biggest gopuram in the Asian Sub - Continent.
The height of the Gopuram is 236 feet high with 13 Nilays. 12 Kalasams are kept on the top of the Gopuram.
All the 11 Alwars did Mangalasasanam here.
Birth Place of Udayavar (Ramanujar) guru periyanambigal, Buttar Vadakuthiruveethi pillai and Pillai Lokachariyar
Paramapatha Sthalam of Kula sekara Alwar, Thondaradipodi Alwar, Soodikodutha Naachi Aandal, Thuluka Naachiyaar, Udayavar (Ramanujar) and Thirupaan Alwar.
Azhvaar Mangalaasaasanam (Paasuram number as found in the Naalaayira Divya Prabandham): Periyaazhvaar - 183, 189, 212, 245, 402-432
Andaal - 607-61
Kulasekaraazhvaar - 647-676, 728
Thirumazhisaiaazhvaar - 772, 800-806, 844, 870, 2384, 2411, 2417, 2441
Thondaradipodiaazhvaar - 872-926
Thiruppannaazhvaar - 927-936
Thirumangaiaazhvaar - 1019, 1213, 1378-1427, 1506, 1571, 1664, 1829, 1978, 2029, 2038, 2043, 2044, 2050, 2062, 2063, 2065, 2069, 2070, 2073-76, 2673(70), 2771
Poygaiaazhvaar - 2087
Bhoothathaazhvaar - 2209, 2227, 2251, 2269
Peyaazhvaar - 2342, 2343
Nammaazhvaar - 2505, 3464-3474 (7.2.1 - 7.2.11)
Total - 246

Click on image for enlarged view.

History : The deity here resembles as the Lord is in Srivaikundam. Once Lord Brahma meditated on Lord Vishnu and got the Sriranga Vimanam, the pose of Lord Vishnu as He is in Srivaikundam. Lord Brahma was doing His Creation job only after worshipping the Sriranga Vimanam. Lord Surya’s grand-son King Ikshavagu worshiped Lord Bramha and brought the Sriranga Vimanam to Earth and placed in Ayodhya. The Surya Dynasty from King Ikshavagu to Lord Rama worshipped the Sriranga Vimanam. Lord Rama after Pattabishekam gave the Sriranga Vimanam to King Vibeeshana of Eezha (Lanka) Dynasty. While King Vibeeshana taking the Sriranga Vimanam to SriLanka, placed on the banks of River Cauvery & Kollidam. After some time when King Vibeeshana tried to unearth it , he couldn’t as Lord Vishnu has already given a boon to River Cauvery that Lord will come to Earth and wear her as a garland. Lord Vishnu appeared before him and told that Lord Ranganathar will be lying here and will be seeing the Sri Lanka from here. The Sriranga Vimanam was placed on the banks of Cauvery near Trichy and the ruler of Chola Dynasty at that time was King Dharmavarma. He was very happy and immediately built a small temple there for Lord Ranganathar and worshipped daily. When there was a flood in the Cauvery the temple went inside the Earth. From the heredity of King Dharmavarma came a King called Killivallavan, he while resting under a tree, a parrot advised him that the Lord Ranganathar is under this tree. He immediately unearthed the Sriranga Vimanam and renovated it and named the place as Sri Rangam.

Architecture : This temple is the foremost temple in the 108 divya desam of Lord Vishnu. It is considered as the Temple of all the Vaishnavite temples as it also called as Adhi Rangam. As far of Vaishnavites are concerned this temple is big in all aspects. (a) Temple Name : Pearangam (b) Mulavar Name : Periya Perumal (c) Thayar Name : Periya Piraati (d) Only temple having Seven inner Circles. (e) The South Tower towering 236 feet is supposed to be the highest tower in South-East Asia. (f) The Garudalwar in this temple is the biggest Garudar in Vaishnavite temples. There are Seven inner circles in this temple. They are (a) Boologam (Circle surrounded by Maadangal) (b) Buvarlogam (Circle in memory of Thiru Vikrama Cholan) (c) Suvarlogam (Circle in memory of Killi Cholan) (d) Maharlogam (Circle in memory of King Thiru Mangai) (e) Janoologam (Circle in memory of King Kulasekaran) (f) Thaboologam (Circle in memory of King Rajemahendra Cholan) (g) Sathyalogam (Circle in memory of King Dharmavarma Cholan).
Also in Srirangam is the Dasavataram temple, the only one of its kind, enshrining the ten incarnations of Vishnu along with Lakshmi Narasimhar and Vishwaksenar. This temple was built by Tirumangaialwar and is now under the administration of the Ahobila Mutt.. The Tirumangaimannan festival is celebrated here

Festival : In a year, there are 322 festivals celebrated in this temple. Out of this Vaikunda Ekadesi is celebrated in a grand manner in the tamil month of Markazhi(Dec-Jan) for 21 days. The other important Thirukalyana festival in the month of Panguni(Mar-Apr) for 10 days.

Approach : It is located in the middle of the Trichy town. It is hardly 5 kms from Trichy well connected by road and rail. The temple is located on Trichy-Madras road. After crossing the River Cauvery Bridge while coming from Trichy, we can see the temple Rajagopuram. While coming by Train we can get down at Sri Rangam Station. We have either stay at Trichy or even at Sri Rangam. We can get all facilities here.

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